Generalized algorithms for particle motion and collision with streambeds

Patricio A. Moreno-Casas, Fabián A. Bombardelli, Juan Pablo Toro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In this paper, a comprehensive three-dimensional (3-D), theoretical/numerical model for bed-load motion at large Reynolds numbers is presented. By using geometric considerations and stochastic parameters to characterize collisions with the wall, five new sub-models for representation of bed roughness are, for the first time to the best of our knowledge, proposed and implemented. The emphasis of this paper is on the particle model, for which Basset, Magnus, drag, submerged weight, virtual mass, and lift forces are included. For the range of particle sizes (sands) analyzed herein, it is found that the stream-wise contribution of the Basset force, compared to other forces, may be as large as 60%. Whereas in the wall-normal direction, the Basset force is equally important as the drag force, and it is exceeded only by the submerged weight. It is also found that the best agreement between numerical and experimental results in terms of jump length, jump height, and stream-wise particle velocity is achieved for restitution and friction coefficients of 0.65 and 0.1, respectively. Important conclusions are obtained regarding the lack of realistic prediction with available “roughness” models with small ranges of angles.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)295-306
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Sediment Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2019


  • Basset force
  • Bed-load transport
  • Particle collision
  • Particle rotation
  • Particle saltation

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