Factors associated with health promoting behaviors among Chilean adolescents

Jorge Eduardo Gaete Olivares, Esterbina Olivares, Cristian A. Rojas-Barahona, Nicolás Labbé, Manuel Rengifo, Magdalena Silva, Leticia Lepe, Cynthia Yáñez, Mei Yen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Health-promoting behaviors are important to prevent diseases and prolong life in the population. People develop these behaviors throughout life. However, better benefits for health are obtained with an early development. Aim: To determine the prevalence of health-promoting behaviors among early adolescents and its associated factors. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional survey performed in 1,465 students of high, medium and low socio-economic status, attending fifth to eighth grades of schools located in a small Chilean city. Participants answered a questionnaire that gathered information about frequency of health-promoting behaviors such as health responsibility and nutrition, physical exercise and stress management, life appreciation, social support and different personal, school and familial factors. Results: A higher frequency of health-promoting behaviors was associated with better academic achievement, better school commitment, and higher perception of school membership. It also was associated with a better perception of health status and a higher conformity with physical appearance. Conclusions: Health promoting behaviors in these children are related to a better academic achievement and a higher integration with school environment.

Translated title of the contributionFactors associated with health promoting behaviors among Chilean adolescents
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)418-427
Number of pages10
JournalRevista Medica de Chile
Volume142
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

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