External marginal gap evaluation of different resin-filling techniques for class II restorations-a micro-CT and SEM analysis

Camila S. Sampaio*, Gonzalo A. Garcés, Nantawan Kolakarnprasert, Pablo J. Atria, Marcelo Giannini, Ronaldo Hirata

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate gap formation of class II restorations, resin-filling techniques using microcomputed tomography (lCT) and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) are discussed. Methods and Materials: Class II cavities were prepared in 30 third molars and analyzed in distal and mesial views. Prime&Bond Universal adhesive was applied in all teeth and divided into five groups (n=6): G1, SS+HIT (Spectra Smart+Horizontal Incremental Technique); G2, SS+OBL (Oblique Incremental Technique); G3, SDR+BFT (Surefil SDR+Bulk Fill Technique); G4, SDR+SS (SDR placed on cervical floors from mesial and distal boxes (not light cured), followed by incremental layering with SS and light curing incrementally with the horizontal technique); and G5, BEZ+BFT (Bulk EZ+BFT). All light-curing procedures were performed with high-mode/1200 mW/cm2, Bluephase Style 20i. Teeth were scanned twice (first scan, empty tooth; second scan, filled tooth after light curing) by lCT. Acquired lCT data were evaluated with software looking for gaps at the external mesial and distal margins and submitted to statistical analysis (one-way analysis of variance and least significant differences post hoc test). Validation of the lCT analysis was performed by SEM. Results: G5 showed the lowest gap formation percentage, similar to G4 (p=0.20). G4 also showed statistical similarities to G1 and G3 (p.0.05). G2 showed the highest percentages, similar to G1 (p=0.10) but different from the rest of the groups (p,0.05). SEM validated the lCT technique by showing qualitative similar images regarding external marginal gap. Conclusions: The dual-cure composite and the use of flowable nonpolymerized plus horizontal filling technique showed the best marginal adaptations. The lCT technique was validated for visualization of gap formation after being compared to the SEM technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E167-E175
JournalOperative Dentistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnologico, Chile (FONDECYT Project 11170920).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Indiana University School of Dentistry. All rights reserved.


Dive into the research topics of 'External marginal gap evaluation of different resin-filling techniques for class II restorations-a micro-CT and SEM analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this