Evaluation of nonlinear impact resonance spectroscopy method for detecting delayed ettringite formation

M. M.N. Rashidi, A. Paul, J. Y. Kim, L. J. Jacobs, K. E. Kurtis

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

2 Scopus citations


The use of the Nonlinear Impact Resonance Acoustic Spectroscopy (NIRAS) method to monitor the evolution of damage due to delayed ettringite formation (DEF) is examined. In practice, the temperature of concrete during casting of precast concrete members or massive concrete structures may reach higher than 70°C which can provide suitable conditions for damage to occur due to DEF, particularly in concrete which is subsequently exposed to wet environments. While expansion - often in excess of 1% - is characteristic of DEF, the evolution of damage begins with microcracking. Unfortunately, there is no standard to test the susceptibility of materials or material combinations to DEF. On the other hand, NIRAS shows great sensitivity to the detection of microcracks and has been successfully applied to concrete to detect thermal and alkali silica reaction in concrete. In this preliminary research, the NIRAS method is used to discriminate among mortar samples which are relatively undamaged and those in the early stages of DEF. The results show that NIRAS could be a reliable and robust method in the detection of microcracks due to DEF.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes
EventAIP Conference Proceedings -
Duration: 1 Jan 2015 → …


ConferenceAIP Conference Proceedings
Period1/01/15 → …

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