Electromyographic and kinematic parameters of the shoulder in wheelchair rugby players: case reports

David O D Valenciaâ*, Claudia Danes-Daetz, Sofía Haro, M. Pía Didyk, M. Rossato, Pablo Benavides, Rodrigo Guzman-Venegas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Wheelchair rugby was created as part of the rehabilitation for patients with spinal cord injury. The biomechanical analysis of wheelchair propulsion (WP) in these athletes seems to be a key element to understand the reasons behind musculoskeletal injuries. This case reports study aimed to describe the electromyographic activity and kinematic parameters of the shoulder during the propulsion phases on the wheelchair in two Paralympic rugby players (A1 and A2) with spinal cord injury. Myoelectric activity (three portions of the deltoid, biceps and triceps brachii) and kinematics of the shoulder were assessed during the push (PP) and recovery (RP) phases. These variables were calculated considering ten propulsion cycles by each athlete. The results showed a different muscle activation between players, A1 described a high average amplitude of the anterior deltoid (PP = 58.44 ± 16.35%MVC; RP = 43.16 ± 13.48%MVC) in both propulsion phases, while A2 generated high average activity of triceps brachii (29.28 ± 10.63%MVC) and middle deltoid (46.53 ± 14.48%MVC), during PP and RP, respectively. At the same time, the player with a C7-T1 spinal cord injury (A2) showed a higher range of motion in the three plans, considering both propulsion phases.

Original languageEnglish
JournalResearch in Sports Medicine
Early online date28 Dec 2022
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

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© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Wheelchair rugby
  • kinematics
  • propulsion
  • shoulder
  • surface electromyography


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