Electrification has been a key component of technological progress and economic development since the industrial revolution. It has improved living conditions, spurred innovation, and increased efficiency across all sectors of our economy and all aspects of our lives. During the coming decades, electrification is expected to reach further and deeper into the transportation, building, and industry sectors, mainly motivated by the energy transition to a zero-carbonemission-based economy to mitigate climate change.
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This work was supported, in part, by the AC3E (ANID/Basal/FB0008), SERC (ANID/FONDAP/15110019), ANID/EQM/ 180215 and ANID/REDES/190108 proj ects; the FIAEC01-2019UCSC project; the Duke University Energy Initiative; and National Science Foundation proj ect 1608929. Financial support was provided by the Horizon 2020 Spartan project (grant 821381) and the Con- sejeria de Economia, Conocimiento, Empresas, y Universidad, Secretaria General de Universidades, Inves- tigacion y Tecnologia, under project P18-RT-1340. These contributions are gratefully acknowledged.
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