Effect of the addition of fly ash on the specific methane production and microbial communities in the anaerobic digestion of real winery wastewater

Yeney Lauzurique, Fernando G. Fermoso, Nicolás Sánchez, Alejandra Castillo, Natalia Valdés, Mario Tello, Ricardo Salazar, Verónica García, César Huiliñir*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Fly ash is an important source of trace elements that can act as cofactors of enzyme systems and improve anaerobic digestion processes. However, its effect on anaerobic digestion using real wastewater has not yet been studied. In the present work, the effect of fly ash on the anaerobic digestion of real winery wastewaters was studied, by means of specific methanogenic activity assays and with a special focus on its effect on the specific methane production and the microbial communities present. Five fly ash concentration (25, 50, 75, 100, and 150 mg L−1) were supplemented under mesophilic conditions. RESULTS: The results showed that 25 mg L−1 of fly ash improved the specific methane production by 18% compared to the control assay; meanwhile, a concentration of 100 mg L−1 of fly ash generated inhibition of the methanogenesis and a 20% specific methane production decrease with respect to the control experiment. The microbial community analysis verified that fly ash supplementation affected the bacterial communities, with a significant effect on acetogenic bacteria, such as Cloacimonetes and Firmicutes. CONCLUSION: The addition of adequate concentrations of fly ash to the process can raise the relative abundance of some microorganisms and, consequently, could increase the specific methane production in the anaerobic digestion of winery wastewater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2882-2890
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Volume96
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Society of Chemical Industry (SCI).

Keywords

  • anaerobic digestion
  • fly ashes
  • improvement
  • microbial community
  • winery wastewater

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