Effect of self-curing activators and curing protocols on adhesive properties of universal adhesives bonded to dual-cured composites

Mario Felipe Gutiérrez, Elisama Sutil, Pâmela Malaquias, Thalita de Paris Matos, Lucas Marques de Souza, Alessandra Reis, Jorge Perdigão*, Alessandro D. Loguercio

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Objectives To measure microshear bond strength (μSBS) and nanoleakage (NL) of self-etch universal adhesives under core buildup restorations using different curing protocols, at 24 h and after 6-month water storage. Methods Middle dentin of 55 molars was divided into: Clearfil Universal Bond [CFU], Prime&Bond Elect [PBE], and One Coat 7 Universal [OCU]. All-Bond Universal [ABU] and Clearfil SE Bond [CSE] were used as control. CFU, PBE and OCU were: light-cured [LC], dual-cured [DC] and self-cured [SC]. Data were analyzed separately (two-way ANOVA), Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Results μSBS: At 24 h OCU/LC resulted in statistically higher μSBS than ABU. CSE/DC showed statistically higher μSBS than all DC adhesives. PBE/LC resulted in significant lower μSBS than the respective DC/SC modes (p < 0.001). At 6-month, both CFU and PBE (LC/SC), resulted in a significant decrease in μSBS. μSBS for OCU/DC decreased significantly (p < 0.001) compared to the respective LC/SC modes. NL: At 24 h, ABU showed %NL similar to CBU/LC and OCU/LC (p > 0.05). CSE/DC resulted in significantly higher %NL than OCU/DC but significantly lower than PBE/DC. CFU/LC/SC resulted in significantly lower %NL than CFU/DC. PBE/SC resulted in significant lower %NL than PBE/LC and PBE/DC. OCU/LC and OCU/DC resulted in significant lower %NL than OCU/SC (p < 0.001). At 6-month ABU, CSE, CFU/LC and CFU/SC, resulted in a significant increase in %NL. Significance Self-cured activator and different curing protocols influenced μSBS and NL of self-etch universal adhesives, but this influence was material-dependent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-787
Number of pages13
JournalDental Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Academy of Dental Materials


  • Buildup composites
  • Microshear bond strength
  • Nanoleakage
  • Self-cured activator
  • Universal adhesives


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of self-curing activators and curing protocols on adhesive properties of universal adhesives bonded to dual-cured composites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this