Core Cariology Curriculum Framework in Spanish for Latin American dental schools: development and consensus

Stefania Martignon*, Andrea Cortes, Viviana Avila, Karina Velasco, Ninoska Abreu-Placeres, Vicente Aranguiz, Miriam Bullen, Rodrigo Giacaman, Zilson Malheiros, Amaury Pozos-Guillén, Fabio Sampaio, Constanza Ella Fernández, Mauricio García, Mónica González-Montero, Sylvia Gudiño-Fernandez, Fernando Neves Hugo, María Isabel Pardo-Silva, Lupe Salazar, Aldo Squassi, Olga Lucía ZartaBernal Stewart, Sofía Jácome-Liévano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The aim of this study was to develop and achieve consensus on a cariology teaching framework for dental schools in Latin American Spanish-speaking countries. The Delphi process, with a ≥8 0% pre-defined participants' agreement, included three phases and a Coordinating Group. During the Preparation phase three panels of experts were selected and invited to participate: a) Regional academic/professional Dental Associations (Associations-Panel): n = 12; b) Regional Dental Schools (Dental-Schools-Panel): existing dental schools (n = 263) from the 19 Spanish-speaking regional countries; c) International academic/professional associations Peer Experts (Peer-Panel): n = 4. Based on consensus documents from Europe, Colombia, the Caribbean, USA, Chile and Spain, and updated scientific evidence, the Coordinating Group developed a baseline framework proposal of domains, main competencies (MC) and specific competencies (SC). The Consultation-Agreement and Consensus phases included three rounds of questionnaires with a step-wise sharing of the MC updated version of the consensus framework with the Dental-Schools-Panel and including SC with the Associations-Panel. Diverse communication strategies were used ( e.g ., independent google-form questionnaires and workshops). Consensus was reached after an on-site Associations-Panel workshop and secret voting, followed by an online meeting with the Peers-Panel. A total of 127 academic/professional institutions participated (Associations-Panel: 11, 91.6%; Dental-Schools-Panel: 112, 42.6%, all countries; Peers-Panel: 4, 100%). The baseline Cariology teaching framework of 5 domains, 10 MC and 92 SC underwent modifications after agreements for a final consensus framework consisting of 5 domains, 10 MC and 85 SC. A Core Cariology curriculum framework in Spanish for Latin American Dental Schools was successfully developed and agreed upon with regional dental academic and professional institutions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere119
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalBrazilian Oral Research
StatePublished - 2023


  • Competency-Based Education
  • Curriculum
  • Dental Caries
  • Education, Dental


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