Computational tomography and CFD simulation of a biofilter treating a toluene, formaldehyde and benzo[α]pyrene vapor mixture

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Abstract

In this work, a 3D computational tomography (CT) of the packing material of a laboratory column biofilter is used to model airflow containing three contaminants. The degradation equations for toluene, formaldehyde and benzo[α]pyrene (BaP), were one-way coupled to the CFD model. Physical validation of the model was attained by comparing pressure drops with experimental measurement, while experimental elimination capacities for the pollutants were used to validate the biodegradation kinetics. The validated model was used to assess the existence of channeling and to predict the impact of the three-dimensional porous geometry on the mass transfer of the contaminants in the gas phase. Our results indicate that a physically meaningful simulation can be obtained using the techniques and approach presented in this work, without the need of performing experiments to obtain macroscopic parameters such as gas-phase axial and radial dispersion coefficients and porosities.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalChemosphere
Volume240
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Biofiltration
  • CFD
  • Computational tomography
  • Modeling
  • Volatile organic compounds

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