Calibration of a large nonlinear finite element model of a highway bridge with many uncertain parameters

Rodrigo Astroza, Nicolás Barrientos, Yong Li, Erick Saavedra Flores

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Finite element (FE) model updating has emerged as a powerful technique for structural health monitoring (SHM) and damage identification (DID) of civil structures. Updating mechanics-based nonlinear FE models allows for a complete and comprehensive damage diagnosis of large and complex structures. Recursive Bayesian estimation methods, such as the Unscented Kalman filter (UKF), have been used to update nonlinear FE models of civil structures; however, their use have been limited to models with a relatively low number of degrees of freedom and with a limited number of unknown model parameters, because it is otherwise impractical for computationally demanding models with many uncertain parameters. In this paper, a FE model of the Marga-Marga bridge, an eight-span seismically-isolated bridge located in Viña del Mar-Chile, is updated based on numerically simulated response data. Initially, 95 model parameters are considered unknown, and then, based on a simplified sensitivity analysis, a total of 27 model parameters are considered in the estimation. Different measurement sets, including absolute accelerations, relative displacements, strains, and shear deformations of the isolators, are analyzed to investigate the effects of considering heterogeneous responses on the estimation results. In addition, a non-recursive estimation procedure is presented and its effectiveness in reducing the computational cost, while maintaining accuracy and robustness in the estimation, is demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationModel Validation and Uncertainty Quantification, Volume 3 - Proceedings of the 37th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2019
EditorsRobert Barthorpe
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
Pages177-187
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9783030120740
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Event37th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2019 - Orlando, United States
Duration: 28 Jan 201931 Jan 2019

Publication series

NameConference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series
ISSN (Print)2191-5644
ISSN (Electronic)2191-5652

Conference

Conference37th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period28/01/1931/01/19

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements R. Astroza acknowledges the financial support from the Chilean National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT), through FONDECYT research grant No. 11160009.

Publisher Copyright:
© Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 2020.

Keywords

  • High-dimensional parameter space
  • Model updating
  • Nonlinear finite element model
  • Parameter estimation

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