Background: Oral cancer is a public health problem. Its world incidence in 2012, was 4.0 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Aim: To review the published literature on oral cancer in Chile. Material and Methods: Narrative review of the literature using databases such as Pubmed, Scielo and Google Scholar. The Key words oral cancer in Chile, Oral Cancer, Oral Cancer AND Chile were used. A critical appraisal the articles was carried out. Results: Of 27 eligible studies, 11 studies were included and data from population registries were used. Oral and Oropharyngeal cancer mortality is 1% and morbidity corresponds to 1.6% of all cancers in Chile. By 2010 according to different authors, the male: female ratio ranges from 1.3: 1 to 1.4: 1 and the five years survival, from 46% to 56.9%. The main risk factors are smoking and alcohol use. Conclusions: The number of articles published in Chile about oral cancer is low.
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