Progress in the treatment of pain. Clinical applications

Translated title of the contribution: Progress in the treatment of pain. Clinical applications

P. López*, M. Freijeiro, D. Torres, A. Baluja, I. Vidal, J. Álvarez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Epidemiology Chronic pain is a disease in itself with a high prevalence and a strong economic impact and quality of life. Concept Currently we talk about pain «chronification» and not of chronic pain itself. Therefore, the importance of a correct treatment of acute pain, implementing pharmacological and non-pharmacological measures preventing its persistence overtime. Diagnosis A correct diagnostic orientation is the first step for fast and effective pain management. Opioid It is necessary to implement strategies for the rational use of opioids, with a slow rise and the lowest effective dose to avoid the problems associated with their use and improve risk-benefit balance. Fourth step It is important to know the fourth step techniques available to help control pain and criteria for referral to a pain clinic.

Translated title of the contributionProgress in the treatment of pain. Clinical applications
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1350-1358
Number of pages9
JournalMedicine (Spain)
Issue number23
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016


  • Adapted ladder
  • Analgesic ladder
  • Fourth step
  • Pain chronicity


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