Association between the decline in global fertility rate and the incorporation of women to the workforce

María De Los Ángeles Stefanelli, María Teresa Valenzuela Bravo, Marcela Cárcamo, Cinthya Urquidi Bellota, Gabriel Cavada, Pamela San Martín

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The global fertility rate (GFR) is defined as the mean number of children that a woman could have in a hypothetical cohort, not exposed to death during the fertile period. GFR has fallen from 3.4 to 1.9 children per women in the period 1970-2010. Aim: To explore the relationship between the fall in GFR and the incorporation of women to work in the period 1960-2011. Material and Methods: Data from the National Statistics Institute was used. GRF was calculated using specific fertility rates for each year considering women aged 15 to 49 years. Work rates were obtained from yearly vital statistics reports. Results: Between 1960 and 2011, GRF decreased from 5.5 to 1.9 in Chile. The first inflection occurred in 1970. In the same period, female workforce increased from 22.4 to 40.2%. Conclusions: To motivate the participation of female workforce without decrease the GRF allowing population replacement, it is suggested the need to create new public policies with benefits and support from the state.

Translated title of the contributionAssociation between the decline in global fertility rate and the incorporation of women to the workforce
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)658-663
Number of pages6
JournalRevista Medica de Chile
Volume144
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2016

Bibliographical note

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© 2016, Sociedad Medica de Santiago. All Rights Reserved.

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