Assessment of maritime operations efficiency and its economic impact based on data envelopment analysis: A case study of Chilean ports

Magdiel A. Agüero-Tobar, Marcela C. González-Araya*, Rosa G. González-Ramírez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Ports are facing several logistical challenges and changes in globalization patterns. For this reason, port operations need to be more efficient than ever. Moreover, they can be classified as maritime operations, terminal operations, and connectivity or land operations. Regarding this, maritime operations represent around 48% of the transport costs and are defined as the processes involved from a vessel's arrival to a dock until the end of its cargo transference. This research focuses on the efficiency analysis of these operations using data envelopment analysis and proposes a method for estimating economic impacts when efficient maritime operations are achieved. A literature review is carried out in order to present a classification of port variables used in data envelopment analysis. In this way, the variables' classification supports the selection of maritime operation variables for the efficiency analysis. A case study of twelve Chilean containerized port cargo terminals is used to illustrate the proposed method, where results of the analysis are discussed. For inefficient ports, medium and long-term recommendations (goals) are presented and economic savings are estimated. In this way, the proposed methodological framework can be a useful tool to support policy-making decisions with respect to prioritizing port infrastructure investments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100821
JournalResearch in Transportation Business and Management
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the FONDECYT project (Chile) [grant numbers 1191764 , and 1210735 ];

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd


  • Data envelopment analysis
  • Economic impact
  • Maritime operations
  • Port case study
  • Port efficiency
  • Variable classification


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment of maritime operations efficiency and its economic impact based on data envelopment analysis: A case study of Chilean ports'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this