Analysis of Home Literacy Environment in Chilean Families of Children with Down Syndrome

Paulina Sofía Arango Uribe, Marcela Tenorio*, Katherine Strasser, Andrés Aparicio, Ricardo Rosas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Home Literacy Environment (HLE) plays a fundamental role in the development of reading and writing skills in children. Evidence suggests differences in HLE components based on cultural and idiosyncratic characteristics. Most studies show a relationship between contextual variables with the quality of HLE in typically developing (TD) children. There are HLE studies with families of children with Down syndrome (DS) that show similar results, but the characteristics of HLE for Latin-American families of children with DS remain unexplored. This study analyses the HLE in a group of 161 families of children with DS, between 3 and 12 years of age, living in urban areas of Chile. Data were collected using an online survey. Results showed differences on the amount of literacy materials, linguistic environment, and beliefs and expectations of parents. Better HLE was observed in families with parents with high educational levels. In the context of previous studies from developed countries with families of children with DS and from Chile with families of TD children, the HLE of families with children with DS in Chile seems poor. This descriptive evidence is necessary to raise concerns in policy makers and national funding agencies to open a way to conduct experimental studies.
Translated title of the contributionAnálisis de los ambientes de literacidad en el hogar de familias chilenas de niños con síndrome de Down
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1008-1023
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Disability, Development and Education
Issue number6
Early online date19 Jul 2021
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was conducted thanks to the funding from the Chilean Government through FONDEF IT 14I10044, FONDECYT 11150800, and ANID – Millennium Science Initiative Programme – ICS2019_024. Special thanks to all the families that participated by online survey.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Down Syndrome
  • Latin America
  • home
  • literacy

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