Activity and selectivity control by niobium for the preferential oxidation of co on pt supported catalysts

Sichem Guerrero, J. T. Miller, E. E. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The promotional effect of Nb on Pt supported on alumina or on niobia, was studied for the preferential oxidation of CO (PROX) in hydrogen. The results show a unique effect of Nb as a promoter to Pt. At low Nb loadings on Pt/alumina, the CO oxidation activity and selectivity are significantly increased. The CO selectivity is 100% at conversions up to about 60%. For Pt supported on Nb2O5, however, the CO oxidation activity is strongly suppressed with low CO conversion but high H2 oxidation activity. Pt on niobia, therefore, is poorly selective for the PROX reaction, but is an active hydrogen oxidation catalyst, resistant to CO poisoning. For Pt supported on highly loaded Nb-alumina or Nb2O5, XPS indicate an increase in the Pt and Nb oxidation states. These surface changes also correlate with changes in the DRIFTS spectra suggesting that CO is more weakly adsorbed on Pt/Nb2O5 compared to Pt/Al2O3, or Pt/Nb-Al2O3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume328
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The support of this work by a grant from Companhia Brasileira de Metallurgia e Minerals, CBMM, and NSF CTS 01 38070 are gratefully acknowledged. We would also like to thank Prof. John Regalbuto for TEM analysis of Pt/Nb-Al 2 O 3 samples catalysts.

Keywords

  • Nb promoter
  • PROX reaction
  • Pt supported catalyst

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