About the endothermal transitions of galactomannans: A multi-analytical DSC, LF- 1 H NMR and DMA study

Verónica M. Busch, Patricio R. Santagapita, Paulo Díaz-Calderón, Javier I. Enrione, M. Pilar Buera*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The thermal transitions of biopolymers were subject of great discussion in the 90s due to their relevance in structure development during processing and stability on storage. In the present work two galactomannans, vinal gum and guar gum, were evaluated by DSC, DMA and LF- 1 H NMR in order to compare them, establishing their potential operational application range and promoting the use of the non-conventional VG in foods or other products. Three endothermal transitions appeared when heating the samples in the DSC: one at temperatures −90 to −10 °C (LTT), other around 50 °C (MTT) and a third one between 50 and 100 °C (HTT). Both LTT and HTT showed water content dependence and low ΔC p values, which difficulted the assignment of a glass transition. MTT appeared as an enthalpic relaxation independent on frequency or on water content. This transition was related to changes in mechanical properties and with the stabilization of proton mobility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-38
Number of pages8
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
StatePublished - 1 May 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors are grateful to ANPCyT (PICT 2013 1331), Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBACyT 2020170100459BA), FONDECYT Nº 1171553 and PDTS CIN-CONICET0196.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019


  • Biopolymer
  • Differential scanning calorimetry
  • Dynamic mechanical analysis
  • Enthalpic relaxation
  • Galactomannan (PubChem CID: 439336)
  • Guar gum
  • Guar gum (PubChem CID: 44134661)
  • Low field 1H NMR


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