3-H en 3-D: Contemplando más allá del entusiasmo actual, la esperanza y los obstáculos de la "planificación virtual" tridimensional en cirugía ortognática

Translated title of the contribution: 3-H in 3-D: Envisaging beyond the current hype, the hope and hurdles of three-dimensional “virtual planning” in orthognathic surgery

Benjamín Gracia-Abuter, Alfredo Noguera-Pantoja, Alberto Führer-Valdivia, Pedro Solé-Ventura, Ziyad S. Haidar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Recent technical and technological advancements in orthognathic surgery concepts, intricate in the diagnosis and treatment planning for corrections of dento-facial deformities, have achieved stable oro-dental functional occlusion and facial esthetic harmony. Undeniably, this can be attributed to the integration of modern, innovative and advanced facial analysis and computer-aided imaging exams into well-orchestrated and executed orthodontic and surgical methods. Three-Dimensional (3-D) virtual planning is a fine example. Today, the acquisition of 3-D images of a patient’s craniofacial complex via cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), supported by software tools allowing the construction of 3-D dynamic and interactive visual models, eliminates the uncertainty experienced with two-dimensional images. Thereby allowing for a more accurate or predictable treatment plan and efficient surgery, especially for patients with complex dento-facial deformities. This review article aims to describe the current benefits as well as shortcomings of 3-D virtual planning via discussing examples and illustrations from orthognathic procedures, attained from the reported English and Spanish literature during the last 10 years. It is designed to deliver updated and practical guidelines for dental practitioners and specialists (particularly, oral and maxillofacial), as well as researchers involved in 3-D virtual approaches as an alternative to conventional/traditional surgical planning; thereby validating its superiority or benefits in terms of outcome prediction for soft and hard tissues, operational time-and cost-effectiveness; for its integration in day-to-day practise.

Translated title of the contribution3-H in 3-D: Envisaging beyond the current hype, the hope and hurdles of three-dimensional “virtual planning” in orthognathic surgery
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)14-21
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Morphology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. This work was supported by generous funding and operating grants provided to the BioMAT’X Research Group; a R&D&I unit within the CIIB (Centro de Investigación e Innovación Biomédica), Faculty of Medicine, as well as the Department of Oral and MaxilloFacial Surgery, through the Faculty of Dentistry, PMI (Plan de Mejoramiento Institucional en Innovación I+D+i) and the Department for Research, Development and Innovation, Universidad de Los Andes, Santiago de Chile. The authors here in extend thanks to Ms. Consuelo Zumarán (BioMAT’X) and Dr. Diego Jazanovich for assistance in translation and editing of this article. Distinct gratitude is owed to the financial support granted by CONICYT-FONDEF Chile (grant ID# 16I10366).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Universidad de la Frontera. All rights reserved.


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